Fluorescence molecular endoscopy (FME) is an emerging technique that has the potential to improve the 22% colorectal polyp detection miss-rate. We determined the optimal dose-to-imaging interval and safety of FME using EMI-137, a c-Met targeted fluorescent peptide, in a population at high-risk for colorectal cancer. We performed in vivo FME and quantification of fluorescence by multi-diameter single-fiber reflectance, single-fiber fluorescence spectroscopy in 15 patients with a dysplastic colorectal adenoma. EMI-137 was intravenously administered (0.13mg/kg) at a one-, two- or three-hour dose-to-imaging interval ( = 3 patients per cohort). Two cohorts were expanded to six patients based on target-to-background ratios (TBR). Fluorescence was correlated to histopathology and c-Met expression. EMI-137 binding specificity was assessed by fluorescence microscopy and in vitro experiments. FME using EMI-137 appeared to be safe and well tolerated. All dose-to-imaging intervals showed significantly increased fluorescence in the colorectal lesions compared to surrounding tissue, with a TBR of 1.53, 1.66 and 1.74 respectively (mean intrinsic fluorescence (Q·μ) = 0.035 vs. 0.023mm, P<0.0003; 0.034 vs. 0.021mm, P<0.0001; 0.033 vs. 0.019mm, P<0.0001). Fluorescence correlated to histopathology on a macroscopic and microscopic level, with significant c-Met overexpression in dysplastic mucosa. In vitro, a dose-dependent specific binding was confirmed. FME using EMI-137 appeared to be safe and feasible within a one-to-three hour dose-to-imaging interval. No clinically significant differences were observed between the cohorts, although a one-hour dose-to-imaging interval was preferred from a clinical perspective. Future studies will investigate EMI-137 for improved colorectal polyp detection during screening colonoscopies.