Model-based exposure-response analysis to quantify age related differences in the response to scopolamine in healthy subjects.

Alvarez-Jimenez R, Groeneveld GJ, van Gerven JM, Goulooze SC, Baakman AC, Hay JL, Stevens J

Subjects with increasing age are more sensitive to the effects of the anti-muscarinic agent scopolamine, which is used (among other indications) to induce temporary cognitive dysfunction in early phase drug studies with cognition enhancing compounds. The enhanced sensitivity has always been attributed to incipient cholinergic neuronal dysfunction, as a part of the normal aging process. The aim of the study was to correlate age-dependent pharmacodynamic neuro-physiologic effects of scopolamine after correcting for differences in individual exposure.