Liver blood flow as a major determinant of the clearance of recombinant human tissue-type plasminogen activator.

de Boer A, Kluft C, Kroon JM, Kasper FJ, Schoemaker HC, Pruis J, Breimer DD, Soons PA, Emeis JJ, Cohen AF

The influence of changes in liver blood flow on the clearance of rt-PA was studied both in healthy subjects and in a perfused rat liver model. Liver blood flow in healthy subjects was documented indirectly by the clearance of indocyanine green (ICG). Exercise reduced liver blood flow on average by 57% with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI) ranging from 51% to 62% (n = 5) and increased plasma levels of rt-PA activity (after an i.v. infusion of 18 mg of rt-PA over 120 min) by 119% (95% CI, 58%-203%) and rt-PA antigen by 91% (95% CI, 30%-140%). In the perfused rat liver model it was shown that halving or doubling of the physiological flow rate of a perfusate, containing rt-PA caused a proportional change in the clearance of rt-PA, while the extraction of rt-PA by the liver remained similar. In conclusion, liver blood flow is a major determinant of the clearance of rt-PA. This may have important implications for dosage of rt-PA in patients with myocardial infarction.