Influence of heparin and a low molecular weight heparinoid on specific endogenous and exogenous fibrinolytic factors during rest and exercise.

de Boer A, Kluft C, Dooijewaard G, Kasper FJ, Kroon JM, Breimer DD, Stiekema JC, Cohen AF

The effects of heparin (5,000 IU i.v.) and the low molecular weight heparinoid Org 10172 (Orgaran) (3,250 anti-Xa units i.v.) on components of the fibrinolytic system were studied in two double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, cross-over trials using healthy subjects. In study A (n = 6) the effects were studied during rest and standardized exercise and in study B (n = 6) during a low dose infusion of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 80 micrograms over 16 min). At rest, heparin and Org 10172 did not influence the plasma concentrations of endogenous t-PA antigen and activity, urokinase-type PA (u-PA) antigen, plasmin activatable pro-urokinase (scu-PA), active urokinase (tcu-PA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) antigen. Recombinant t-PA antigen and activity during rt-PA infusion were also not affected. During exercise, neither heparin nor Org 10172 influenced the area under the curve (AUC) of t-PA and u-PA antigen and t-PA activity when compared with placebo. Unexpectedly, after heparin the AUC of t-PA activity was 49% larger (range +19 to +245%) than after Org 10172 (p < 0.05). The last difference was considered spurious, scu-PA, tcu-PA and PAI-1 antigen levels at 2 min after termination of exercise were unaffected by both compounds (p > 0.05). Sulphated polysaccharides do not increase fibrinolytic activity of the plasma by changing the concentrations of the components of the fibrinolytic system.