Characterisation of the pharmacodynamic effects of the P2X7 receptor antagonist JNJ-54175446 using an oral dexamphetamine challenge model in healthy males in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multiple ascending dose trial.

Recourt K, van der Aart J, Jacobs G, de Kam M, Drevets W, van Nueten L, Kanhai K, Siebenga P, Zuiker R, Ravenstijn P, Timmers M, van Gerven J, de Boer P

This is the first report of the pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of the selective, potent and brain-penetrant P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) antagonist JNJ-54175446. Activation of the P2X7R, an adenosine triphosphate-gated ion channel, leads to the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which have been linked to neuroinflammation and play a role in the pathogenesis of mood disorders. Previous clinical studies with JNJ-54175446 demonstrated peripheral target engagement of JNJ-54175446 by assessing ex vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated cytokine production. Blood-brain barrier penetration and a clear dose-receptor occupancy relationship was demonstrated using positron emission tomography.